Governments and researchers are all underway the global race to find a vaccine for the new coronavirus. The aim is to provide billions of people with immunity in eighteen months or less, and if done correctly, it would be unprecedented.
Developing and mass-producing an effective vaccine to counter the novel coronavirus disease, has brought much of the world to a standstill. In fact, the highest heath and medical communities have warned many governments that daily life cannot return to the previous normal anytime soon; that is, until their populations have built up antibodies to fight the virus. In general, developing vaccines take years but given the grave situation all across the globe, there is accelerated clinical trials.
That being said, developing a successful vaccine is not the only thing to do. There will be more challenging situations in have pharma companies across countries to be able to produce and quantities that can be actually helpful to the entire population.
Pharmaceuticals Chicago, Illinois is also taking up the looming challenge of producing quantities that can emerge helpful to everyone.
How does a vaccine work?
Medically speaking, vaccines are dead or weakened virus molecules that help the defensive white blood cells in the immune system to create antibodies. In turn, it helps to neutralize the virus and offer protection against the situation.
Typically, there are four main types of vaccines –
- live vaccines that has a weakened form of the virus which can prompt creation of antibodies,
- toxoid vaccines that helps the virus to produce immunity to the part of the virus that is responsible for the disease,
- inactivated vaccines which has the use a dead version of the virus,
- subunit, polysaccharide, recombinant, and conjugate vaccines that use proteins or other parts of the virus
The crucial indicator in understanding whether a vaccine is effective or not are its clinical trials. Potential vaccines are sometimes also tested in animals first. Human trials are traditionally divided into three phases each succeeding step has more volunteers than the previous one. If in the first step any vaccine candidate appears to be ineffective, with harmful side effects, or is exceptionally similar existing vaccines, it won’t move on to the next one.
Can vaccine development be sped up?
According to the experts, the timeline of 12 to 18 months stated by U.S. officials is extremely optimistic for a COVID-19 vaccine. Under normal circumstances, the vaccine development takes place very sequentially; however, as the global experts are seeking to accelerate the procedure of vaccine for this pandemic virus, some stages of development are taking place simultaneously.
Production at massive scale
Similar to the major pharmaceutical companies all across the globe, pharmaceutical companies in Chicago, Illinois are also working on getting the right vaccine that can be produced rapidly and on a massive scale. What is unique here that you will need billions of vaccines to meet the need. This is why, in order to meet the production demand, all the pharma industries need to start preparing for manufacturing in parallel with research. In short, this needs to call for the together working of scientists, regulatory bodies and industry.
Who can be the winner?
Scaling up manufacturing is one of the biggest challenges in creating vaccines quickly. This is because the infrastructure needs to differ depending on the vaccine type.
If vaccines developed from inactivated forms of SARS-CoV-2 happen to be most effective, it will require facilities that offer biosafety level 3 certification, and they are much scarce. Generally, if you are reading news about Pharmaceuticals near me, you will find that most of them are chasing the idea of injecting into the body formulations of DNA or RNA. If done successfully, it can provoke the cells into making one of the proteins used by SARS-CoV-2.
Big firms are proving financial grant as well as collaboration to help proceed faster in generating a vaccine that can save the world from this deadly virus.
While it is still under process, you need to take care of yourself and maintain all the precautions possible. Eat healthy, build up the immunity and always wear a mask to save the contamination.